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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

2 edition of Methodology for Assessing Impacts of Radioactivity on Aquatic Ecosystems (Technical Reports Series; No. 190) found in the catalog.

Methodology for Assessing Impacts of Radioactivity on Aquatic Ecosystems (Technical Reports Series; No. 190)

International Atomic Energy Agency.

Methodology for Assessing Impacts of Radioactivity on Aquatic Ecosystems (Technical Reports Series; No. 190)

by International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • 331 Want to read
  • 19 Currently reading

Published by Bernan Press .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Nuclear power & engineering,
  • Nuclear power industries,
  • Earth Sciences - Oceanography,
  • Science

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages424
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12891897M
    ISBN 109201253796
    ISBN 109789201253798

    Psaltaki M.,Florou H.,Trabidou G.,and Markatos N.C. “Modelling and the assessment of anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems” Book of Abstracts of the 2nd International Conference on “Environmental Management, Engineering Planning and Economics (CEMEPE) & SECOTOC Conference, p Mykonos,June , processes remaining intact. Intact aquatic ecosystems make the LEB rivers unique compared with other arid river systems in Australia and around the world. The LEB may therefore provide critical aquatic habitat, especially for migratory waterbirds, given the greater impacts seen in other river systems. Indicators for assessing aquatic ecosystemsFile Size: KB.

    assessment of potential impacts of proposed projects on aquatic ecosystems 1. They will assist proponents of projects and their consultants, the community and decision-makers in the identification, prediction and assessment of impacts and suggest approaches to the management of impacts that have either been predicted or observed through monitoring. Effects of radiation on aquatic organisms; 5. Methods of dosimetry for aquatic organisms and an estimate of the background dose rate in the deep sea; 6. Derivation of dose rates to organisms based on the IAEA definition of high level radioactive waste unsuitable for dumping at sea; 7. Dose rates arising from actual sea dumping operations; 8.

      Heavily, and permanently polluted aquatic ecosystems are still found in Lithuania, which is the target of a complex ecotoxicological (experimental-field and hydrochemical) investigation. Water pollution assessment by use only physico-chemical methods do not provide integrated information on the effects of pollutants on aquatic life because Cited by: 2.   The FASSET project was launched in November under the EC 5th Framework Programme to develop a framework for the assessment of environmental impact of ionising radiation in European ecosystems. It involved 15 organisations in seven European countries and delivered its final report in spring Cited by:


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Methodology for Assessing Impacts of Radioactivity on Aquatic Ecosystems (Technical Reports Series; No. 190) by International Atomic Energy Agency. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Methodology for Assessing Impacts of Radioactivity on Aquatic Ecosystems If you would like to learn more about the IAEA’s work, sign up for our weekly updates containing our most important news, multimedia and more. Methodology for assessing impacts of radioactivity on aquatic ecosystems: report of an advisory group meeting on methodology of radiation effect experiments on aquatic organisms and ecosystems for the evaluation of the effects of radionuclide releases to aquatic environments organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency and held in Vienna, November adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A.

Final report}, author = {Knezovich, J P and Martinelli, R E}, abstractNote = {Assessments of impacts of hazardous agents (i.e., chemical and physical mutagens) on human health have focused on defining the effects of chronic exposure on individuals, with cancer being the main effect of concern.

In contrast, impacts on ecosystems have traditionally been gauged by the assessment of near-term organism. The requirement to assess the impacts of radioactivity in the environment explicitly and transparently is now generally accepted by the scientific community.

A recently developed methodology for achieving this end for marine ecosystems is presented within this by: Abstract. This paper evaluates studies on the effects of radioactive pollution on hydrobionts in natural conditions as published in the former USSR and the CIS.

Presently, the results of many studies on the consequences of radioactive pollution of the aquatic environment on hydrobionts are available.

For the Kyshtym accident, these are found in references [1–13, 16–26, 28–30] and for the Chernobyl Cited by: 3. Assessing the impact of ionizing radiation on the marine environment requires a well-defined methodology, which includes, among other elements, the analysis of exposure and effects.

The different types of aberrations (greater number of fragments under influences of radiation, bridges under chemical mutagens) is considered as a parameter for determining the responsible agent of impact, as well.

The environmental assessment of an aquatic ecosystem with regards to ionizing radiation in comparison to effects of chemical pollutants is based on determining the distribution Cited by: 6.

Doses to people consuming Assessment of aquatic organism's radiation doses 95 the contaminated fish or other aquatic organisms are also calculated in the 'Dose Assessment' program.

The 'Dose Assessment' program may be used independently from the other parts of the program complex, employing the experimental data as input by: Assessing Ecological Risk from Radiation Requires an Ecosystem Approach a strong impact of radioactive contamination on individual fitness in current and future generations, with potentially.

Bulgakov AA and AV Konoplev. “Basic transformation processes of chemical species in soil and bottom sediments.” Modeling and study of the mechanisms of the transfer of radioactive material from terrestrial ecosystems to and in water bodies around Chernobyl, U Sansone and O Voitsekhovich (Eds.).

CEC-CIC Joint Programme on the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident, Experimental Cited by: 6. Impact Assessment Methods This document outlines several common impact assessment methods, including: land and ecosystems available for biodiversity and resources accessible for the surrounding Ecological models to predict changes in aquatic biota (e.g., benthos, fish) resulting fromFile Size: KB.

Freshwater resources are increasingly used, wasted and polluted, with the result that aquatic ecosystems are threatened and sometimes destroyed. Aquatic ecosystems provide several services for producing, regulating and structuring. Wetlands improve water quality by trapping sediments, filtering pollutants and absorbing nutrients.

The FASSET project was launched in November under the EC 5th Framework Programme to develop a framework for the assessment of environmental impact of ionising radiation in European ecosystems.

In the last years, the interest increased for assessment and evaluation of the radiological impact on wild living flora and fauna due to release of radionuclides to the environment.

The consideration of the flora and fauna in the system of radiation protection requires reliable widely applicable models to assess doses to biota in different habitats from external and internal radiation by: Information to protect aquatic ecosystems is obtained by examining primarily non-stochastic effects.

Bioassays to assess short-term changes in mortality rate in different life-history stages or changes in reproductive success are performed. In most cases, the shape of dose-response curves for specific effects have not been well characterized.

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation.

In radioecology, the assessment of environmental impact depends on the source and release scenarios, deposition and ecosystem system transport, including biological uptake and effects in exposed.

Laboratory studies have allowed the development of methods of quantification of exposure to radiation, a database on dose-effect relationships in organisms (Copplestone et al., ), and a conceptual approach to risk assessment based on biological effects of radiation (similarly as for humans).

They usually suffer from poorer ecological Cited by: Environmental consequences of the Chernobyl accident and their remediation: twenty years of experience / report of the Chernobyl Forum Expert Group ‘Environment’. — Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, p.

; 29 cm. — (Radiological assessment reports series, ISSN ) STI/PUB/ ISBN 92–0––8. On one hand, the aquatic ecosystems of the CEZ such as nearby lakes, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant cooling pond, and river bays were most affected by direct radioactive fallout.Results of the dose assessment were placed to the “dose rate – effects” scale and were compared with some literature data on the radiobiological effects in fish from the considered water bodies.

2. Materials and methods Description of aquatic ecosystems Chernobyl NPPs cooling pondCited by: 8.Primary productivity Methods aquatic ecosystems Some effects of low-velocity currents on the metabolism of aquatic macrophytes.

J. Exp. Bot. – Moll R. () Methods of Assessing Aquatic Primary Productivity. In: Lieth H., Whittaker R.H. (eds) Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Ecological Studies (Analysis and Synthesis Cited by: